Paralegal Education Requirements and Career Info
A paralegal is required to have some formal education. Learn about the degree programs, job duties and other requirements to see if this is the right career for you.
A paralegal is a lawyer's assistant who helps a lawyer prepare for a meeting or a trial. This preparation may include researching facts or laws and writing reports used during the case. An associate's or bachelor's degree is required, depending on the employer. Some employers may also require on-the-job training or professional certification.
|Required Education||Associate's degree, bachelor's degree sometimes necessary|
|Other Requirements||Some employers may require certification, on-the-job training may be required|
|Projected Job Growth (2012-2022)*||17% for paralegals and legal assistants|
|Mean Salary (2013)*||$51,170 annually for paralegals and legal assistants|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Education Requirements for the Paralegal
There are no universal requirements for a paralegal, but there are several possible educational paths a potential paralegal might take. Educational options include certificate programs and degree programs. The American Bar Association (ABA) approves educational programs for paralegals. However, only a little over a quarter of the available associate and bachelor's degree programs are ABA-approved. Any programs that offer a degree entirely online are not ABA-approved, because the ABA requires that at least ten semester hours of courses related to the law be taken in a traditional classroom.
The path requiring the least amount of time is a certificate, which can take as little as seven months to complete. Most certificate programs are for people who have an associate or bachelor's degree in another area. A few require applicants to have a specified number of college credit hours plus experience in the area of law. Certificate programs only include courses pertinent to paralegal work and do not include general education courses. Courses cover law and ethics, legal research, legal writing, business law, family law, intellectual property and personal injury.
Students in associate's and bachelor's degree programs take a basic core of general education courses in English, math, science and social studies as well as the required courses for paralegal work. There are some master's degree programs available, but this level of education is not required by most employers.
In 2014 there was no mandatory certification for paralegals, although some employers may require it. The National Association of Legal Assistants has offered voluntary general certification since the early 1980s. In 2010, the association added an advanced paralegal certification in personal injury. The American Alliance of Paralegals also offers voluntary certification.
Paralegals may find employment with law firms, banks, insurance and real estate companies, corporations and court offices. Contract freelance work is also an option. Paralegals are often given responsibilities previously held by lawyers. However, they are not allowed to present a case in court, offer legal advice or set legal fees.
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (www.bls.gov) expected a 17% growth in paralegal and legal assistant jobs from 2012-2022, which is faster than the national average of 11% for all occupations. The BLS expected the most growth for paralegals in areas such as finance, insurance, healthcare and consulting. More demand from corporate employers was also expected.
In 2013, average annual salaries were almost $51,170, or more than $24 per hour, according to the BLS. States with the highest percentage of paralegals in the state's employment numbers were the District of Columbia, Florida, Delaware and West Virginia.
Related to Paralegal
- Recently Updated
Paralegal certificate programs offered by colleges and universities can fulfill the education requirement needed to become a...
Paralegal assistants require little formal education. Learn about the training options, job duties and requirements to see if...
When it comes to a career as a paralegal, often the only requirement for entry-level positions is an associate's degree in...
Students interested in paralegal training in the Houston, Texas, area have a few options. Read about the top schools' program...
- Top School in Atlanta for Paralegal Training
- Top Ranked School to Become a Paralegal - Orlando, FL
- Top School in Tampa for Becoming a Paralegal
- Certified Medical Technician: Job Description & Career Info
- Career Information for a Degree in Criminal Justice or Safety Studies
- Retail Business Manager: Job Description, Duties and Requirements
- Clothing Merchandiser: Job Description, Duties and Requirements