Pastor Courses and Classes Overview
The courses needed to become a pastor vary by religion. Many pastors earn a bachelor's degree in theology or religion, and then continue to earn a master's or doctoral degree from a seminary or divinity school. They study the Bible and related religious doctrine, and learn how to counsel people and lead churches.
Many students studying to become pastors take language courses, typically Latin, Greek and Hebrew. This enables a ministry student to read early translations of the Bible and other religious texts without relying on translations and interpretations. Language courses cover topics like alphabets, syntax, grammar and vocabulary. Advanced language classes in a program for pastors might involve readings of original Biblical texts.
Old Testament Course
Courses covering the Old Testament discuss the first five books of the Bible. Students learn about the theoretical principles used in the analysis of these writings, and some courses discuss the inspiration for the Old Testament. An introduction to the Old Testament course is typically offered early in a pastoral student's studies, but many programs offer advanced courses in the Old Testament that look at various issues and theories surrounding the text.
New Testament Course
Depending on the program, students studying to become pastors might take two courses on the New Testament. The four gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John might be discussed as a narrative, and the rest of the New Testament may be discussed in terms of the epistles and the Book of Revelation. Students might read Greek and Roman supplemental texts and discuss Biblical law and theory. Later in their studies, students might take courses that examine the New Testament in a more focused way.
Christian History Course
A broad introduction to Christian history course is often required of students early in their divinity studies. Students can expect this course to cover issues and events in Christianity from its beginnings through modern times. Courses looking at specific issues in the Christian timeline might be taken midway through a pastor student's studies.
Ministry Experience Course
Many programs for students wishing to become pastors require students to spend time working in the field throughout their education. This ministry experience course might involve spending time in a church or parish working with a worship community. Other programs require students to go on missions and minister to people outside the church. Some programs reserve these hands-on experiences for students in their later studies.
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