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Sonogram Technician Class and Course Descriptions

Sonogram technicians use ultrasound machines (sound waves) to produce images of the human body. Courses in sonography are generally completed as part of a full degree program.

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Essential Information

Sonogram technicians may complete their training in an associate's or bachelor's degree program. Most students choose to earn a 2-year associate's degree, although earning a bachelor's degree can lead to supervisory positions in the healthcare industry. There are also some certificate programs available for those who already work in the imaging field. The Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs accredits sonogram technician training programs throughout the country.

Sonogram technician programs prepare students to produce the images that are used to diagnosis injuries, illnesses and other medical conditions. Students in these programs study anatomy and physiology, and they learn to operate ultrasound equipment and interpret the resulting images. They usually also learn about specialty imaging, including those done on the heart, abdomen and pregnant women. Other common course topics include pathophysiology, ultrasound physics, medical terminology and patient care. Students in sonogram technician programs normally learn in a laboratory and complete several clinical practica to get hands-on practice.

While only a few states require licensure, professional certification may be needed to work as a sonogram technician because employers often prefer certified sonographers. There are specialty certifications available, and completing an accredited educational program is a prerequisite to taking such certification exams.

List of Sonogram Technician Classes

Some typical courses in a degree program in sonography are described below.

Anatomy and Physiology Course

An anatomy and physiology course introduces aspiring sonographers to the names and locations of body parts and organ systems. Topics of study include the respiratory, muscular, skeletal and integumentary (skin) systems. Students also learn the location of bones and muscles.

Sonographic Imaging and Instrumentation Course

An imaging and instrumentation course provides students with the know-how needed to operate ultrasound equipment. Students learn how to read and interpret sonographic images. This course is typically split into lecture and lab components. Topics covered also include Doppler technology, instrument quality control, image measurements and scanning techniques.

Obstetrics Imaging Course

Obstetrics is one of the most common medical uses of sonography. In an obstetrics imaging course, students learn how to read sonographic images and provide patients feedback on the images rendered. Students will learn formulas that will allow them to calculate fetus height, head circumference and uterus measurements based on the images provided by a sonogram.

Abdominal Sonography Course

An abdominal sonography course is delivered in half-lab, half-lecture format. Students learn how to recognize both normal and abnormal abdominal images. Students will learn when abdominal sonograms are necessary to make an accurate diagnosis. Topics of study may also include pathology, laboratory testing and scanning techniques specific to areas of the abdomen.

Clinical Course

In a clinical sonography course, students learn practical skills by observing and conducting sonograms on real patients. This sonogram tech class may take place in labs, hospitals, clinics or private medical offices. Students work with experienced sonogram technicians or physicians in order to further develop skills in pelvic, abdominal and vascular sonography.

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Schools for Aspiring Sonogram Specialists

Popular Schools

  • Minimum eligibility requirements:
    • Must be a high school graduate or have completed GED
    • Eligibility and relevancy of sample programs below will vary by article and program
    School locations:
    • Online Learning
    • Arizona (3 campuses)
    • California (16)
    • Colorado (3)
    • Florida (6)
    • Georgia (5)
    • Illinois (7)
    • Indiana (2)
    • Maryland (1)
    • Michigan (1)
    • Minnesota (1)
    • Missouri (2)
    • North Carolina (2)
    • New Jersey (3)
    • Nevada (1)
    • New York (2)
    • Ohio (4)
    • Oklahoma (1)
    • Oregon (1)
    • Pennsylvania (4)
    • Tennessee (2)
    • Texas (7)
    • Utah (1)
    • Virginia (3)
    • Washington (3)
    • Wisconsin (1)

    Online and Classroom-Based Programs

    What is your classroom preference?

  • Minimum eligibility requirements:
    • Must be a high school graduate or have completed GED
    School locations:
    • Online Learning

    Online Programs

    What is your highest level of education?

  • Minimum eligibility requirements:
    • Must be a high school graduate or have completed GED
    • Currently not accepting applications from Texas residents
    School locations:
    • Online Learning

    Which subject are you interested in?

  • Minimum eligibility requirements:
    • Must complete an application online and submit transcripts for their highest degree earned.
    School locations:
    • Online Learning

    What is your highest level of education?

  • Minimum eligibility requirements:
    • Applicants must have completed 12 college credits
    School locations:
    • Online Learning
    • California (19 campuses)
    • Washington (1)

    Online and Classroom-Based Programs

    • Non-Degree
        • Certificate - Health Administration

    What is your highest level of education?

  • Minimum eligibility requirements:
    • Must be a high school graduate or have completed GED
    School locations:
    • Online Learning

    Online Programs

    • Master
        • Master of Business Administration - Healthcare

    What is your highest level of education?

Other Schools:

  • School locations:
    • Columbia (D.C.) (1 campus)
    Areas of study you may find at George Washington University include:
      • Graduate: Doctorate, First Professional Degree, Master
      • Non-Degree: Certificate, Coursework
      • Post Degree Certificate: Post Master's Certificate, Postbaccalaureate Certificate
      • Undergraduate: Associate, Bachelor
    • Medical and Health Professions
      • Clinical Laboratory Science Professions
      • Communication Disorders Sciences
      • Dental
      • Health and Fitness
      • Medical Administrative Services
      • Medical Diagnostic and Treatment Professions
        • Athletic Trainer
        • EMT and Paramedic
        • Physician Assistant
        • Ultrasound and Sonography Technologies
      • Medical Residency Programs
      • Nursing Professions
      • Public Health and Safety
      • Therapeutic and Rehabilitation Professions
      • Veterinary Medicine and Clinical Sciences
  • School locations:
    • Michigan (1 campus)
    Areas of study you may find at Grand Valley State University include:
      • Graduate: Master
      • Undergraduate: Bachelor
    • Medical and Health Professions
      • Clinical Laboratory Science Professions
      • Medical Administrative Services
      • Medical and Health Preparatory Sciences
      • Medical Diagnostic and Treatment Professions
        • Athletic Trainer
        • Physician Assistant
        • Ultrasound and Sonography Technologies
      • Nursing Professions
      • Therapeutic and Rehabilitation Professions
  • School locations:
    • Michigan (1 campus)
    Areas of study you may find at Ferris State University include:
      • Graduate: First Professional Degree, Master
      • Non-Degree: Certificate, Coursework
      • Post Degree Certificate: Postbaccalaureate Certificate
      • Undergraduate: Associate, Bachelor
    • Medical and Health Professions
      • Clinical Laboratory Science Professions
      • Dental
      • Health and Fitness
      • Medical Administrative Services
      • Medical and Health Preparatory Sciences
      • Medical Diagnostic and Treatment Professions
        • Medical Radiologic Therapist
        • Nuclear Medical Technologist
        • Respiratory Care Therapy
        • Ultrasound and Sonography Technologies
      • Nursing Professions
      • Optometric and Ophthalmic Services
      • Pharmaceutical Sciences and Administration
  • School locations:
    • New York (1 campus)
    Areas of study you may find at Rochester Institute of Technology include:
      • Graduate: Master
      • Non-Degree: Certificate, Coursework
      • Post Degree Certificate: Postbaccalaureate Certificate
      • Undergraduate: Associate, Bachelor
    • Medical and Health Professions
      • Clinical Laboratory Science Professions
      • Health and Fitness
      • Medical Administrative Services
      • Medical Diagnostic and Treatment Professions
        • Athletic Trainer
        • Nuclear Medical Technologist
        • Physician Assistant
        • Ultrasound and Sonography Technologies
      • Medical Informatics and Illustration
      • Nutrition Services
      • Optometric and Ophthalmic Services
      • Public Health and Safety

Popular Schools

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