Sonographer Education Requirements and Career Information
Sonographers use special medical equipment to transmit sound waves into the body to make medical diagnostic images that are used by doctors to diagnose possible problems. Potential sonographers may earn a 2- or 4-year degree.
Educational Requirements to be a Sonographer
A medical sonographer may enter the field through on-the-job training in a sonography practice that has been accredited by AIUM (American Institution of Ultrasound in Medicine, www.aium.org). They may also train through a formal education program or a mixture of both formal and on-the-job training. Increasingly, employers are looking to hire registered sonographers who have trained through a formal education program, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). Programs are available at community colleges and vocational schools, as well as through the military. High school preparation for this profession should include coursework in science, math and health
Formal education programs award either an associate's or bachelor's degree. The most common are the 2-year programs. Coursework for sonographers includes human anatomy, medical terminology, patient care, physics and instrumentation. According to the BLS, there were over 150 accredited sonographer training programs in 2008.
Licensure by the state is not a requirement for medical sonographers. Credentials are available from the American Registry for Diagnostic Medical Sonography (ARDMS). To earn registration, an examination must be passed. Those who pass the test may call themselves a Registered Diagnostic Medical Sonographer (RDMS).
After earning registration, sonographers must maintain it through completing continuing education as required by the ARDMS. Credentials may be earned in many specialty areas, including nervous system, breast, abdomen, cardiac and vascular sonography.
A medical sonographer uses machinery, which generates sound waves to create an image of the body used for diagnostic purposes. Sonography (or ultrasonography) is used most commonly in obstetrics to see the fetus during pregnancy. A sonographer is trained to discriminate between healthy and diseased areas. They bring any suspected abnormalities to the attention of a physician for a diagnosis. Other job duties for sonographers include maintaining patient records and equipment. Sonographers may work in a healthcare facility or travel from location to location as needed.
Advancement is available as a sonographer earns competency in a certain specialty area. Sonographers are eligible to earn multiple credentials and may advance to become a supervisor or administrative professional.
BLS notes that job opportunities for sonographers should increase by 18% during the time period of 2008-2018. Hospitals are the main employer for sonographers, but jobs are expected to grow in doctors' offices and diagnostic laboratories. The mean annual wage for diagnostic medical sonographers was $62,660 in May 2008.
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