Victim Advocate Training Programs and Requirements
Victim advocates provide support services for victims of crimes and traumatic events. Victim advocates ensure victims are advised of suitable treatment options, as well as perform crisis intervention services. Most victim advocate positions require a bachelor's degree in social work or a related field.
Training Requirements and Recommendations
Most victim advocates train by enrolling in a social work degree program, which requires a high school diploma or GED. In many positions, victim advocates need to be available at all hours of the day to provide support to victims in person or through the phone, and meeting with victims or victims' families may necessitate light travel. The administrative and reporting duties of a victim advocate require basic word processing and spreadsheet skills.
Victim advocates should have excellent communication and interpersonal skills to work with victims who may be under stress. They should have patience and compassion, and should be able to provide objective support and counseling services to victims of domestic abuse, substance abuse and other criminal activities.
Victim advocates are typically required to have a bachelor's degree in social work, though psychology and criminal justice degrees may also suffice. A social work degree program teaches students how to provide quality support services to victims and other individuals requiring assistance.
Bachelor of Social Work
A bachelor's degree program in social work teaches students how welfare and other social systems operate in the United States. Programs teach students how to manage social work clients and interact with other human services professionals, including case workers, correctional officers and counselors. The 4-year programs include courses in:
- Professional social work
- Human services concepts
- Welfare systems
- Social and community behavior
- Human services research and analysis
- Social work assessments
- Social justice and peacemaking
Employers prefer to hire victim advocates with 2-4 years of victim support experience. Advocates can accumulate experience through volunteer work with victim advocacy organizations or through related work with social services agencies. Some positions may require specific experience with substance abuse or domestic violence victims or with children and adolescents.
Licenses and Certifications
Victim advocates are not required to be licensed or certified. The National Organization for Victim Assistance (NOVA) offers its members voluntary certification through the National Advocate Credentialing Program. NOVA grants provisional advocate credentials to those with formal training and less than two years of experience, and basic advocate credentials for those with at least two years of advocacy experience. Victim advocates with four years and eight years of experience can earn advanced credentials. Credentialed victim advocates must adhere to continuing education and professional ethics policies.
Workshops and Seminars
Universities with social work programs may offer victim advocate, crisis intervention or crisis response workshops that teach advanced skills for victim advocacy and crisis intervention careers. NOVA offers victim advocate and crisis responder training seminars for members and non-members. The seminars address safety, legal and ethical issues in crisis intervention and response.
Additional Professional Development
Victim advocates can advance with a graduate degree in social work or human services. With a master's degree, victim advocates can become directors or managers of victim advocacy programs at law enforcement agencies, nonprofit organizations and government agencies. Program directors and coordinators have a greater range of responsibilities and generally higher salaries. Victim advocacy directors supervise lower-level victim advocates, create long-term crisis intervention plans and work with other human services professionals to provide quality victim support practices.
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