Cosmetologist Career Video for Cosmetology Students

Cosmetologist Career Video for Cosmetology Students Transcript

Cosmetologists and barbers, also known as hairdressers or hairstylists, provide a wide range of hair care services to make their customers look neater, younger or more attractive. Cosmetologists may also be licensed to provide other types of personal appearance services, including make-up, skin care, nail technician services and electrolysis.


Cosmetology is a popular field for individuals who like to help people look their best. Most cosmetologists are graduates of a cosmetology school and hold a state license to practice.


Cosmetologists and barbers are trained to style, cut and treat hair. Cosmetologists may also be trained and licensed in other forms of beauty care, such as make-up, skin treatments, nail treatments and even electrolysis. In most states, cosmetologists need to go to cosmetology school, hold a state license and be at least 16 years of age.

Job Skills and Duties

People who make good cosmetologists have a strong interest in color and design, keep an eye on changing fashion trends, enjoy chatting with their customers and have good business sense. They also find it rewarding to help all types of people improve their appearance. Because cosmetologists spend a lot of time standing on their feet, it's best to also be in good physical condition.

Cosmetologists specialize in the styling of hair. This includes shampooing and conditioning, cutting, chemical perms, chemical relaxers, color treatments, and final setting and styling. Cosmetology also includes applying hair extensions and weaves and the styling of wigs and hairpieces.

In many small shops cosmetologists may need to pitch in with office tasks, such as making appointments, keeping records, sweeping floors, ordering supplies and selling hair care products. Cosmetologists who run their own shops will have many managerial duties, including hiring and supervising workers, keeping business records and buying advertising. Cosmetologists are required by law to maintain clean work areas and see to it that all instruments are sanitized between customers.

Cosmetologists may be licensed to offer a number of specialized beauty services, or they may hire personal appearance workers to round out their services. These include nail technicians, skin care specialists (also called aestheticians), hair removal specialists and shampooers.

Training Required

Community colleges and vocational schools offer classes in both cosmetology and barbering. Full-time programs usually take nine months to one year to complete. Training as a nail technician, skin care specialist or electrolysis technician requires less time. Most working cosmetologists have received a certificate from a state-licensed cosmetology school and have passed a written and practical examination to get a license. They also need a license for each extra beauty service that they offer. To keep up-to-date on fashion trends, they may attend regular training sessions at salons, cosmetology schools and industry trade shows.

Well Known Jobs Within this Field of Expertise

Cosmetologists can find work in small beauty shops, large hair salons, day spas, department stores, cosmetics stores, hospitals and nursing homes. Those with excellent reputations and famous clientele may find work in the entertainment industry.


Whether you prefer to be called a cosmetologist, hair stylist, hairdresser or beautician, a career in the world of personal appearance is a fashionable and exciting way to earn a living.


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